35-14-863. Shareholders' action. (1) Shareholders' action respecting a director's conflicting interest transaction is effective for purposes of 35-14-861(2)(b) if a majority of the votes cast by the holders of all qualified shares are in favor of the transaction after:
(a) notice to shareholders describing the action to be taken respecting the transaction;
(b) provision to the corporation of the information referred to in subsection (2); and
(c) communication to the shareholders entitled to vote on the transaction of the information that is the subject of required disclosure, to the extent the information is not known by them. In the case of shareholders' action at a meeting, the shareholders entitled to vote must be determined as of the record date for notice of the meeting.
(2) A director who has a conflicting interest respecting the transaction shall, before the shareholders' vote, inform the secretary or other officer or agent of the corporation authorized to tabulate votes, in writing, of the number of shares that the director knows are not qualified shares under subsection (3), and of the identity of the holders of those shares.
(3) For purposes of this section:
(a) "holder" means and "held by" refers to shares held by a record shareholder, a beneficial shareholder, and an unrestricted voting trust beneficial owner; and
(b) "qualified shares" means all shares entitled to be voted with respect to the transaction except shares that the secretary or other officer or agent of the corporation authorized to tabulate votes either knows or under subsection (2) is informed are held by:
(i) a director who has a conflicting interest respecting the transaction; or
(ii) a related person of the director, excluding a person described in 35-14-860(5)(f).
(4) A majority of the votes entitled to be cast by the holders of all qualified shares constitutes a quorum for purposes of compliance with this section. Subject to the provisions of subsection (5), shareholders' action that otherwise complies with this section is not affected by the presence of holders of or by the voting of shares that are not qualified shares.
(5) If a shareholders' vote does not comply with subsection (1) solely because of a director's failure to comply with subsection (2) and if the director establishes that the failure was not intended to influence and did not in fact determine the outcome of the vote, the court may take any action respecting the transaction and the director, and may give any effect to the shareholders' vote, that the court considers appropriate in the circumstances.
(6) If shareholders' action under this section does not satisfy a quorum or voting requirement applicable to the authorization of the transaction by reason of the articles of incorporation, the bylaws, or a provision of law, independent action to satisfy those authorization requirements must be taken by the shareholders, in which shares that are not qualified shares may participate.