Montana Code Annotated 2023



Part 10. Amendment of Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws

Bylaw Provisions Relating To Election Of Directors

35-14-1022. Bylaw provisions relating to election of directors. (1) Unless the articles of incorporation specifically prohibit the adoption of a bylaw pursuant to this section, alter the vote specified in 35-14-728(1), or provide for cumulative voting, a corporation may elect in its bylaws to be governed in the election of directors as follows:

(a) each vote entitled to be cast may be voted for or against up to that number of candidates that is equal to the number of directors to be elected or a shareholder may indicate an abstention, but without cumulating the votes;

(b) to be elected, a nominee must have received a plurality of the votes cast by holders of shares entitled to vote in the election at a meeting at which a quorum is present, provided that a nominee who is elected but receives more votes against than for election shall serve as a director for a term that terminates on the date that is the earlier of:

(i) 90 days from the date on which the voting results are determined pursuant to 35-14-729(2)(e); or

(ii) the date on which an individual is selected by the board of directors to fill the office held by the director, which constitutes the filling of a vacancy by the board to which 35-14-810 applies. Subject to subsection (1)(c) of this section, a nominee who is elected but receives more votes against than for election may not serve as a director beyond the 90-day period referenced in subsection (1)(b)(i).

(iii) the board of directors may select any qualified individual to fill the office held by a director who received more votes against than for election.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an election of directors by a voting group if:

(a) at the expiration of the time fixed under a provision requiring advance notification of director candidates; or

(b) absent such a provision, at a time fixed by the board of directors that is not more than 14 days before notice is given of the meeting at which the election is to occur, there are more candidates for election by the voting group than the number of directors to be elected, one or more of whom are properly proposed by shareholders. An individual may not be considered a candidate for purposes of this subsection (2)(b) if the board of directors determines before the notice of meeting is given that the individual's candidacy does not create a bona fide election contest.

(3) A bylaw electing to be governed by this section may be repealed:

(a) if originally adopted by the shareholders, only by the shareholders unless the bylaw provides otherwise;

(b) if adopted by the board of directors, by the board of directors or the shareholders.

History: En. Sec. 160, Ch. 271, L. 2019.