37-4-103. Exemptions. (1) A dental laboratory or dental technician is not practicing dentistry under this chapter when engaged in the construction, making, alteration, or repairing of bridges, crowns, dentures, or other prosthetic appliances, surgical appliances, or orthodontic appliances if the casts, models, or impressions on which the work is constructed have been made by a regularly licensed and practicing dentist and the crowns, bridges, dentures, prosthetic appliances, surgical appliances, or orthodontic appliances are returned to the dentist on whose order the work was constructed.
(2) Section 37-4-101(2) and part 5 of this chapter do not apply to a legally qualified physician or to a dental surgeon employed by the United States government or to a legally licensed health care practitioner of another state making a clinical demonstration before a dental society, convention, or association of dentists or to a licensed dental hygienist performing an act authorized under 37-4-401 or 37-4-405.
(3) This chapter does not prevent a bona fide faculty member of a school, college, or department of a university recognized and approved by the board from performing dental procedures necessary to the faculty member's teaching functions. This chapter does not prevent students from performing dental procedures under the supervision of a bona fide instructor of a school, college, or department of a university recognized and approved by the board if the dental procedures are a part of the assigned teaching curriculum.
(4) This chapter does not prohibit or require a license with respect to the practice of denturitry under the conditions and limitations defined by Title 37, chapter 29. The provisions of this chapter do not apply to a person engaged in the lawful practice of denturitry.
(5) This chapter does not require the licensure of or prohibit the personal representative of the estate of a deceased dentist or the personal representative of a disabled dentist from contracting with a dentist to manage the dental practice at an establishment where dental operations, oral surgery, or dental services are provided if the personal representative in either case complies with the provisions of 37-4-104.
(6) Section 37-4-101(2)(b) does not prevent a licensee from entering into a contract with or being employed by the following clinics:
(a) university clinics for the purpose of providing dental care to registered students;
(b) correctional facilities for the purpose of providing dental care to inmates; and
(c) federally funded community health centers, migrant health care centers, or programs for health services for the homeless established pursuant to the Public Health Service Act, 42 U.S.C. 254b.
(7) A clinic that employs or otherwise contracts with a dentist under subsection (6) may not:
(a) govern the clinical sufficiency, suitability, reliability, or efficacy of a particular service, product, process, or activity as it relates to the delivery of dental care; or
(b) preclude or otherwise restrict a dentist's ability to exercise independent professional judgment over all qualitative and quantitative aspects of the delivery of dental care.
(8) This chapter does not require licensure of the following individuals while engaged in the practice of dentistry, as provided in 37-4-101:
(a) students of an accredited commission on dental accreditation (CODA) dental hygiene program or school who are candidates for a dental hygiene degree and who practice dental hygiene without pay in strict conformity with the laws and rules of this state, under the direct personal supervision of a demonstrator or teacher who is a faculty member of an accredited CODA dental hygiene program or school;
(b) students of an accredited CODA program or school who are candidates for a D.D.S. or D.M.D. degree and who practice dentistry without pay in strict conformity with the laws and rules of this state, under the direct personal supervision of a dentist licensed in Montana or a demonstrator or teacher who is a faculty member of a CODA dental program or school; or
(c) dental residents who have received a D.D.S. or D.M.D. degree from a CODA-accredited school and who are engaged in advanced education in dentistry at a dental school, hospital, or public health facility that offers the type of advanced program designed to meet accreditation requirements established by CODA. A dental resident may perform all clinical services within the advanced education program in which the dental resident is enrolled if the services are provided by the sponsoring institution and are authorized by the program supervisor. A dental resident who is not licensed in Montana may not engage in private practice or assess fees for clinical services rendered.