Montana Code Annotated 2017



Part 4. Coverage, Liability, and Subrogation

Liability Of Employer Or Fellow Employee For Intentional And Deliberate Acts -- Additional Cause Of Action -- Intentional Injury Defined

39-71-413. Liability of employer or fellow employee for intentional and deliberate acts -- additional cause of action -- intentional injury defined. (1) (a) If an employee is intentionally injured by an intentional and deliberate act of the employee's employer or by the intentional and deliberate act of a fellow employee while performing the duties of employment, the employee or in case of death the employee's heirs or personal representatives, in addition to the right to receive compensation under the Workers' Compensation Act, have a cause of action for damages against the person whose intentional and deliberate act caused the intentional injury.

(b) For the purposes of this section, the standard of proof for an act to be determined to be intentional and deliberate is clear and convincing evidence.

(2) An employer is not vicariously liable under this section for the intentional and deliberate acts of an employee.

(3) As used in this section, "intentional injury" means an injury caused by an intentional and deliberate act that is specifically and actually intended to cause injury to the employee injured and there is actual knowledge that an injury is certain to occur.

History: En. 92-204.1 by Sec. 1, Ch. 493, L. 1973; amd. Sec. 2, Ch. 550, L. 1977; R.C.M. 1947, 92-204.1(part); amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 229, L. 2001; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 148, L. 2013.