Montana Code Annotated 2021



Part 4. Coverage, Liability, and Subrogation

Workers' Compensation And Employers' Liability Insurance -- Optional Deductibles

39-71-435. Workers' compensation and employers' liability insurance -- optional deductibles. (1) An insurer issuing a workers' compensation or an employer's liability insurance policy may offer to the policyholder, as part of the policy or by endorsement, optional deductibles for benefits payable under the policy consistent with the standards contained in subsection (3).

(2) The advisory organization designated under 33-16-1023 may develop and file a deductible plan or plans on behalf of its members consistent with the standards contained in subsection (3).

(3) The commissioner of insurance shall approve a deductible plan that is in accordance with the following standards:

(a) Claimants' rights are properly protected and claimants' benefits are paid without regard to the deductible.

(b) Premium reductions reflect the type and level of the deductible, consistent with accepted actuarial standards.

(c) Premium reductions for deductibles are determined before application of any experience modification, premium surcharge, or premium discount.

(d) Recognition is given to policyholder characteristics, including but not limited to size, financial capabilities, nature of activities, and number of employees.

(e) The policyholder is liable to the insurer for the deductible amount in regard to benefits paid for compensable claims.

(f) The insurer pays all of the deductible amount applicable to a compensable claim to the person or provider entitled to benefits and then seeks reimbursement from the policyholder for the applicable deductible amount.

(g) Failure by the policyholder to reimburse deductible amounts to the insurer is treated under the policy as nonpayment of premium.

(h) Losses subject to the deductible must be reported and recorded as losses for purposes of calculating rates for a policyholder on the same basis as losses under policies providing first dollar coverage.

(4) The state compensation insurance fund, plan No. 3, may adopt the plan filed by the designated advisory organization or adopt an optional deductible plan that meets the requirements of this section.

(5) For purposes of 39-71-201, 39-71-915, and 50-71-128, liability for assessments must be ascertained without regard to application of any deductible, whether the employer or the insurer pays the losses. For all other taxes and assessments based on premium, the amount of premium or assessment must be determined after application of the deductible.

History: En. Sec. 8, Ch. 619, L. 1993; amd. Sec. 24, Ch. 186, L. 1995; amd. Sec. 9, Ch. 214, L. 2001; amd. Sec. 2, Ch. 365, L. 2015.