50-31-307. Dispensing of prescription drugs. (1) A drug intended for use by humans that is included in one of the categories in subsection (2) may be dispensed only if a practitioner licensed by law to administer or prescribe the drug:
(a) provides a written prescription;
(b) transmits the prescription directly to the pharmacy by electronic means or directly dispenses the drug pursuant to 37-2-104;
(c) provides an oral prescription that is reduced promptly to writing and filed by the pharmacist or practitioner, if the practitioner dispenses the drug; or
(d) authorizes the refilling of a written, electronic, or oral prescription either in the original prescription or by an oral order that is reduced promptly to writing and filed by the pharmacist or practitioner, if the practitioner fills the prescription.
(2) A drug must be dispensed as provided in subsection (1) if the drug:
(a) is a habit-forming drug to which 50-31-306(1)(d) applies;
(b) because of its toxicity or other potentiality for harmful effect, the method of its use, or the collateral measures necessary to its use, is not safe for use except under the supervision of a practitioner licensed by law to administer or prescribe the drug; or
(c) is limited by an approved application under section 505 of the federal act (21 U.S.C. 355) or 50-31-311 to use under the professional supervision of a practitioner licensed by law to administer or prescribe the drug.
(3) If the drug is a factory prepackaged contraceptive, other than mifepristone, it may be dispensed as provided in subsection (1) or by a registered nurse employed by a family planning clinic under contract with the department of public health and human services pursuant to a physician's written protocol specifying the circumstances under which dispensing is appropriate and pursuant to the board of pharmacy's rules concerning labeling, storage, and recordkeeping of drugs.
(4) The act of dispensing a drug contrary to the provisions of this section is considered an act that results in a drug being misbranded while held for sale.