Montana Code Annotated 2021



Part 1. General Provisions


72-30-102. Definitions. In this chapter, the following definitions apply:

(1) "Charitable purpose" means the relief of poverty, the advancement of education or religion, the promotion of health, the promotion of a governmental purpose, or any other purpose the achievement of which is beneficial to the community.

(2) (a) "Endowment fund" means an institutional fund or any part of the fund that under the terms of a gift instrument or instrument of donor intent is not wholly expendable by the institution on a current basis.

(b) The term does not include assets that an institution designates as an endowment fund for its own use.

(3) "Gift instrument" means a record or records, including an institutional solicitation, under which property is granted to, transferred to, or held by an institution as an institutional fund.

(4) "Institution" means:

(a) a person, other than an individual, organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes;

(b) a government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality to the extent that it holds funds exclusively for a charitable purpose; and

(c) a trust that had both charitable and noncharitable interests, after all noncharitable interests have terminated.

(5) (a) "Institutional fund" means a fund held by an institution exclusively for charitable purposes.

(b) The term does not include:

(i) program-related assets;

(ii) a fund held for an institution by a trustee that is not an institution; or

(iii) a fund in which a beneficiary that is not an institution has an interest, other than an interest that could arise upon violation or failure of the purposes of the fund.

(6) "Instrument of donor intent" means a record by a person that contributed property, pursuant to the provisions of this chapter that were in effect prior to October 1, 2007, setting forth the person's intention regarding investment or retention of the contributed property.

(7) "Person" means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.

(8) "Program-related asset" means an asset held by an institution primarily to accomplish a charitable purpose of the institution and not primarily for investment.

(9) "Record" means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.

History: En. Sec. 1, Ch. 389, L. 1973; R.C.M. 1947, 86-801(part); amd. Sec. 2, Ch. 421, L. 2007; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 328, L. 2009.