75-10-743. Orphan share state special revenue account -- reimbursement of claims -- payment of department costs. (1) There is an orphan share account in the state special revenue fund established in 17-2-102 that is to be administered by the department. Money in the account is available to the department by appropriation and, except as provided in subsections (9), (10), and (11), must be used to reimburse remedial action costs claimed pursuant to 75-10-742 through 75-10-751, to provide funding for the department of justice for investigations pursuant to its natural resource damage program, to pay costs incurred by the department in defending the orphan share, and to pay remedial action costs incurred by the department pursuant to subsection (12). Any amounts provided for investigations must be returned to the account, with interest, from the settlement proceeds of a claim made under the natural resource damage program within 30 days of receiving settlement proceeds.
(2) There must be deposited in the orphan share account:
(a) all penalties assessed pursuant to 75-10-750(12);
(b) funds received from the distribution of oil and natural gas production taxes pursuant to 15-36-331;
(c) unencumbered funds remaining in the abandoned mines state special revenue account;
(d) interest income on the account;
(e) funds received from settlements pursuant to 75-10-719(7); and
(f) funds received from reimbursement of the department's orphan share defense costs pursuant to subsection (6).
(3) If the orphan share account contains sufficient money, valid claims must be reimbursed subsequently in the order in which they were received by the department. If the orphan share account does not contain sufficient money to reimburse claims for completed remedial actions, a reimbursement may not be made and the orphan share account, the department, and the state are not liable for making any reimbursement for the costs. The department and the state are not liable for any penalties if the orphan share account does not contain sufficient money to reimburse claims, and interest may not accrue on outstanding claims.
(4) Except as provided in subsections (6) and (7), claims may not be submitted and remedial action costs may not be reimbursed from the orphan share account until all remedial actions, except for operation and maintenance, are completed at a facility.
(5) Except as provided in subsection (6), reimbursement from the orphan share account must be limited to actual documented remedial action costs incurred after the date of a petition provided for in 75-10-745. Reimbursement may not be made for attorney fees, legal costs, or operation and maintenance costs.
(6) (a) The department's costs incurred in defending the orphan share must be paid by the persons participating in the allocation under 75-10-742 through 75-10-751 in proportion to their allocated shares. The orphan share account is responsible for a portion of the department's costs incurred in defending the orphan share in proportion to the orphan share's allocated share, as follows:
(i) If sufficient funds are available in the orphan share account, the department's costs incurred in defending the orphan share must be paid from the orphan share account in proportion to the share of liability allocated to the orphan share.
(ii) If sufficient funds are not available in the orphan share account, persons participating in the allocation under 75-10-742 through 75-10-751 shall pay all the orphan share's allocated share of the department's costs incurred in defending the orphan share in proportion to each person's allocated share of liability.
(b) A person who pays the orphan share's proportional share of costs has a claim against the orphan share account and must be reimbursed as provided in subsection (3).
(c) A state agency that is liable for remedial action costs incurred has a claim against the orphan share account and must be reimbursed as provided in subsection (3). The agency may submit a claim before or after remedial action is complete. Reimbursement may not be made for attorney fees, legal costs, or operation and maintenance costs. The agency may be reimbursed only after:
(ii) it has received a notice letter pursuant to 75-10-711; and
(iii) the department has approved the costs.
(7) (a) If the lead liable person under 75-10-746 presents evidence to the department that the person cannot complete the remedial actions without partial reimbursement and that a delay in reimbursement will cause undue financial hardship on the person, the department may allow the submission of claims and may reimburse the claims prior to the completion of all remedial actions. A person is not eligible for early reimbursement unless the person is in substantial compliance with all department-approved remedial action plans.
(b) The department may reimburse claims from a lead liable person upon completion and department approval of a report evaluating the nature and extent of contamination and a report formulating and evaluating final remediation alternatives. This early reimbursement is limited to those eligible costs incurred by the lead liable person for the preparation of the reports.
(8) A person participating in the allocation process who received funds under the mixed funding pilot program provided for in sections 14 through 20, Chapter 584, Laws of 1995, may not claim or receive reimbursement from the orphan share account for the amount of funds received under the mixed funding pilot program that are later attributed to the orphan share under the allocation process.
(9) (a) For the biennium beginning July 1, 2005, up to $1.25 million may be used by the department to pay the costs incurred by the department in contracting for evaluating the extent of contamination and formulating final remediation alternatives for releases at the Kalispell pole and timber, reliance refinery company, and Yale oil corporation facility complex. If the department spends less than $1.25 million for those purposes, the remaining funds must be spent for remediation of the facility complex. The department may not seek recovery of the $1.25 million from potentially liable persons.
(b) The money spent pursuant to subsection (9)(a) must be credited against the amount owed by the state agency in a judgment or settlement agreement for payment of the remedial action costs at the facility for which the money was spent.
(10) (a) The department shall transfer from the orphan share account to the long-term or perpetual water treatment permanent trust fund provided for in 82-4-367 $1.2 million in each fiscal year until the board of investments makes the certification pursuant to subsection (10)(b) of this section.
(b) (i) The board of investments shall monitor the long-term or perpetual water treatment permanent trust fund provided for in 82-4-367 to determine when the amount of money in the long-term or perpetual water treatment permanent trust fund will be sufficient, with future earnings, to provide a fund balance of $19.3 million on January 1, 2018.
(ii) When the board of investments makes the determination pursuant to subsection (10)(b)(i), the board of investments shall notify the department and certify to the department the amount of money, if any, that must be transferred during the fiscal year in which the board of investments makes its determination pursuant to subsection (10)(b)(i) in order to provide a fund balance of $19.3 million on January 1, 2018.
(iii) In the fiscal year that the board of investments makes its determination and notifies the department, the department shall transfer only the amount certified by the board of investments, if any, and may not make additional transfers during subsequent fiscal years.
(c) After July 1, 2018, the department shall transfer $1.2 million in each fiscal year from the orphan share state special revenue account to the environmental quality protection fund provided in 75-10-704.
(11) The orphan share account is subject to legislative fund transfers.
(12) Except as provided in subsection (13), the department may use the orphan share account to:
(a) take remedial action at a facility where there has been a release or there is a substantial threat of a release into the environment that may present an imminent and substantial endangerment to the public health, safety, or welfare or to the environment and there is no readily apparent person who is financially viable and potentially liable under 75-10-715 to conduct the remedial action; or
(b) fund the administration of data collection, the monitoring of the performance of remedial action, and the initial assessment of a facility to determine whether that facility may be closed or delisted.
(13) The department may not use for data collection, initial assessments, or monitoring pursuant to subsection (12)(b) more than 20% of the funds appropriated from the orphan share account for the bienniums beginning July 1, 2015, and ending June 30, 2025. For the bienniums beginning July 1, 2025, no more than 15% of the funds appropriated from the orphan share account may be used for data collection, initial assessments, or monitoring pursuant to subsection (12)(b).
(14) The department shall report annually to the environmental quality council in accordance with 5-11-210 the amount of funds from the orphan share account used pursuant to subsection (12), the type of expenditures made, and the identity and location of facilities addressed. (Subsection (10)(c) terminates June 30, 2027--sec. 5, Ch. 387, L. 2015.)