75-11-302. Definitions. Except as provided in subsections (2), (14), and (25), the following definitions apply to this part:
(1) "Accidental release" means a sudden or nonsudden release, neither expected nor intended by the tank owner or operator, of petroleum or petroleum products from a storage tank that results in a need for corrective action or compensation for third-party bodily injury or property damage.
(2) "Aviation gasoline" means aviation fuel as defined in 15-70-401. For the purposes of this chapter, aviation gasoline does not include JP-4 jet fuel sold to a federal defense fuel supply center.
(3) "Board" means the petroleum tank release compensation board established in 2-15-2108.
(4) "Bodily injury" means physical injury, sickness, or disease sustained by an individual, including death that results from the physical injury, sickness, or disease at any time.
(5) "Claim" means a written request prepared and submitted by an owner or operator or an agent of the owner or operator for reimbursement of expenses caused by an accidental release from a petroleum storage tank.
(6) "Corrective action" means investigation, monitoring, cleanup, restoration, abatement, removal, and other actions necessary to respond to a release.
(7) "Department" means the department of environmental quality provided for in 2-15-3501.
(8) "Distributor" means a person who is licensed to sell gasoline or special fuel, as provided in 15-70-402, and who:
(a) in the state of Montana, engages in the business of producing, refining, manufacturing, or compounding gasoline, aviation gasoline, special fuel, or heating oil for sale, use, or distribution;
(b) imports gasoline, aviation gasoline, special fuel, or heating oil for sale, use, or distribution in this state;
(c) engages in wholesale distribution of gasoline, aviation gasoline, special fuel, or heating oil in this state;
(d) is an exporter;
(e) is a dealer licensed as of January 1, 1969, except a dealer at an established airport; or
(f) either blends gasoline with ethanol or blends heating oil with waste oil.
(9) "Eligible costs" means expenses reimbursable under 75-11-307.
(10) "Export" means to transport out of the state of Montana, by means other than in the fuel supply tank of a motor vehicle, gasoline, aviation gasoline, special fuel, or heating oil received from a refinery or pipeline terminal within the state of Montana.
(11) "Exporter" means a person who transports, by means other than in the fuel supply tank of a motor vehicle, gasoline, aviation gasoline, special fuel, or heating oil received from a refinery or pipeline terminal within the state of Montana to a destination outside the state of Montana for sale, use, or consumption beyond the boundaries of the state of Montana.
(12) "Fee" means the petroleum storage tank cleanup fee provided for in 75-11-314.
(13) "Fund" means the petroleum tank release cleanup fund established in 75-11-313.
(14) "Gasoline" means gasoline as defined in 15-70-401. For the purposes of this chapter, gasoline does not include JP-4 jet fuel sold to a federal defense fuel supply center.
(15) "Heating oil" means petroleum that is No. 1, No. 2, No. 4-light, No. 4-heavy, No. 5-light, No. 5-heavy, and No. 6 technical grades of fuel oil; other residual fuel oils, including navy special fuel oil and bunker C; and other fuels when used as substitutes for one of these fuel oils. Heating oil is typically used in the operation of heating equipment, boilers, or furnaces.
(16) "Import" means to receive into a person's possession or custody first after its arrival and coming to rest at a destination within the state any gasoline, aviation gasoline, special fuel, or heating oil shipped or transported into this state from a point of origin outside this state, other than in the fuel supply tank of a motor vehicle.
(17) "Operator" means a person in control of or having responsibility for the daily operation of a petroleum storage tank.
(18) (a) "Owner" means:
(i) a person that holds title to, controls, or possesses an interest in a petroleum storage tank; or
(ii) a person that owns the property on which a petroleum storage tank from which a release occurred was located.
(b) The term does not include a person that holds an interest in a storage tank solely for financial security, unless through foreclosure or other related actions the holder of a security interest has taken possession of the tank.
(19) "Person" means an individual, firm, trust, estate, partnership, company, association, joint-stock company, syndicate, consortium, commercial entity, corporation, or agency of state or local government.
(20) "Petroleum" or "petroleum products" means crude oil or any fraction of crude oil that is liquid at standard conditions of temperature and pressure (60 degrees F and 14.7 pounds per square inch absolute) or motor fuel blend, such as ethanol-blended gasoline, and that is not augmented or compounded by more than a de minimis amount of another substance.
(21) "Petroleum storage tank" means a tank that contains or contained petroleum or petroleum products and that is:
(a) an underground storage tank as defined in 75-11-503;
(b) a storage tank that is situated in an underground area, such as a basement, cellar, mine, drift, shaft, or tunnel;
(c) an aboveground storage tank with a capacity of less than 30,000 gallons; or
(d) aboveground or underground pipes associated with tanks under subsections (21)(b) and (21)(c), except that pipelines regulated under the following laws are excluded:
(i) the Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act of 1968, 49 U.S.C. 1671, et seq.;
(ii) the Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Act of 1979, 49 U.S.C. 2001, et seq.; and
(iii) state law comparable to the provisions of law referred to in subsections (21)(d)(i) and (21)(d)(ii), if the facility is intrastate.
(22) "Properly designed and installed double-walled tank system" means a petroleum storage tank and associated product piping that is designed and constructed with rigid inner and outer walls separated by an interstitial space and that is capable of being monitored for leakage. The design and construction of these tank systems must meet any applicable standards of the department and the department of justice fire prevention and investigation bureau. The material used in construction must be compatible with the liquid to be stored in the system, and the system must be designed to prevent the release of any stored liquid.
(23) "Property damage" means:
(a) physical injury to tangible property, including loss of use of that property caused by the injury; or
(b) loss of use of tangible property that is not physically injured.
(24) "Release" means any spilling, leaking, emitting, discharging, escaping, leaching, or disposing of petroleum or petroleum products from a petroleum storage tank into ground water, surface water, surface soils, or subsurface soils.
(25) "Special fuel" means those combustible liquids commonly referred to as diesel fuel or another volatile liquid of less than 46 degrees A.P.I. (American petroleum institute) gravity test, except liquid petroleum gas. For the purposes of this chapter, special fuel does not include diesel fuel sold to a railroad or a federal defense fuel supply center.