Montana Code Annotated 2023



Part 3. Energy Supply Emergency Powers

Information Obtainable By Governor

90-4-305. Information obtainable by governor. (1) The governor may obtain information on a regular basis from energy resource producers, suppliers, public agencies, and consumers and from political subdivisions in this state that is necessary for the governor to determine the need for energy supply alert and emergency declarations. The information may include but is not limited to:

(a) sales volumes by customer classifications other than for petroleum products;

(b) forecasts of energy resource requirements for the particular type of energy involved for a period not to exceed 2 years; and

(c) inventory of energy resources and reserves available for use in meeting a shortage in a particular energy source.

(2) In order to help anticipate and mitigate the effects of shortages of petroleum products, the governor may monitor the supply of and demand for these products by obtaining the following monthly reports submitted no later than 20 days after the last day of the month, on forms prescribed by the governor, from the following persons:

(a) Each refiner shall submit Montana refinery processing data by fuel type in custody, including:

(i) inventory stocks at the beginning and end of the month;

(ii) receipts during the month;

(iii) inputs during the month;

(iv) production during the month;

(v) shipments, losses, and refinery fuel use during the month.

(b) Each prime petroleum supplier shall submit:

(i) 3-month projections of the supplier's Montana supply and stock of petroleum products that the supplier anticipates supplying to Montana customers; and

(ii) the actual volume of petroleum products delivered in the state the previous month.

(c) Each petroleum pipeline company shall submit reports by fuel type of Montana pipeline terminal delivery, throughput, and export.

(d) Each bulk pipeline terminal operator shall submit end-of-month reports of inventory stock levels of finished petroleum products in custody in Montana by type of product and storage location.

(e) Each prime petroleum supplier shall submit quarterly reports of monthly marketing sales in Montana, by standard point locater index or other method prescribed by the governor, and fuel type of petroleum products designated by the governor.

(3) In obtaining information under subsections (1) and (2) during a state of energy emergency, the governor may:

(a) subpoena witnesses, material, and relevant books, papers, accounts, records, and memoranda;

(b) administer oaths; and

(c) cause the depositions of persons residing within or outside of Montana to be taken in the manner prescribed for depositions in civil actions in district courts to obtain information relevant to energy resources that are the subject of the proclaimed emergency or associated disaster.

(4) In obtaining information under this section, the governor shall:

(a) avoid eliciting information already furnished by a person or political subdivision in this state to a federal, state, or local regulatory authority that is available for the governor's study; and

(b) cause reporting procedures, including forms, to conform to existing requirements of federal, state, and local regulatory authorities.

(5) Except as provided in subsection (2), this part does not require the disclosure by a distributor of confidential information, trade secrets, or other facts of a proprietary nature.

(6) (a) The information required under subsection (2) is subject to the following restrictions:

(i) Except in accordance with a proper judicial order, a public officer or employee charged by the governor with the custody of this information may not divulge or make known in any manner any information that is specific to a particular distributor.

(ii) The public officers and employees charged by the governor with the custody of the information provided for in subsection (2) may not be required to produce any of it or evidence of anything contained in it on behalf of any party to any action or proceeding under this part except when the information concerned is directly involved in the action or proceeding, in which case only that information directly pertinent to the action or proceeding may be admitted.

(b) This section does not preclude access to the information by the legislative auditor in carrying out the functions under Title 5, chapter 13.

History: En. Sec. 5, Ch. 473, L. 1979; amd. Sec. 3, Ch. 204, L. 1981; amd. Sec. 75, Ch. 545, L. 1995; amd. Sec. 2868, Ch. 56, L. 2009.