15-31-1009. Tax credit for postproduction wages. (1) Through the tax year ending December 31, 2029, a postproduction company that has incurred qualified postproduction wages in the tax year is allowed a credit against the taxes imposed by chapter 30 and this chapter if the taxpayer applies to the department of commerce as provided in 15-31-1004 and to the department of revenue as provided in 15-31-1005 and is approved to claim the credit.
(2) The tax credit is equal to 25% of qualified postproduction wages incurred in the state.
(3) A tax credit claimed under this section may not exceed the postproduction company's total compensation paid to employees working in this state for the tax year in which the credit is claimed.
(4) The tax credit allowed by this section may not be refunded if the taxpayer has no tax liability. Any unused credit may be carried forward for 5 years.
(5) A taxpayer claiming a credit shall include with the tax return the following information:
(a) the amount of tax credit claimed for the tax year;
(b) the amount of the tax credit previously claimed;
(c) the amount of the tax credit carried over from a previous tax year; and
(d) the amount of the tax credit to be carried over to a subsequent tax year.
(6) (a) A taxpayer claiming the credit provided for in this section must claim the credit as provided in subsection (6)(b).
(b) (i) An entity taxed as a corporation for Montana income tax purposes shall claim the credit on its corporate income tax return.
(ii) Individuals, estates, and trusts shall claim a credit allowed under this section on their individual income tax return.
(iii) An entity not taxed as a corporation shall claim the credit allowed under this section on member or partner returns as follows:
(A) corporate partners or members shall claim their share of the credit on their corporate income tax returns;
(B) individual partners or members shall claim their share of the credit on their individual income tax returns; and
(C) partners or members that are estates or trusts shall claim their share of the credit on their fiduciary income tax returns.
(c) In order to prevent disguised sales of the credit provided for in this section, allocations of credits through partnership and membership agreements may not be recognized unless they have a substantial economic effect as that term is defined in 26 U.S.C. 704 and applicable federal regulations.
(7) A postproduction company may not claim a credit under this section for production expenditures for which the media production credit provided for in 15-31-1007 is claimed.