Montana Code Annotated 2021

TITLE 87. FISH AND WILDLIFE

CHAPTER 2. FISHING, HUNTING, AND TRAPPING LICENSES

Part 5. Game Animal Licenses

Either-Sex Or Antlerless Elk License Or Permit For Landowner Who Offers Free Public Elk Hunting -- Terms, Conditions, And Issuance

87-2-513. (Temporary) Either-sex or antlerless elk license or permit for landowner who offers free public elk hunting -- terms, conditions, and issuance. (1) For wildlife management purposes and with approval of the commission pursuant to 87-1-301, the department may issue, at no cost to a landowner who provides free public elk hunting on the landowner's property and pursuant to this section, an either-sex or antlerless elk license, permit, or combination thereof as required in that hunting district for the landowner or the landowner's designee to hunt on the landowner's property. A designee may be an immediate family member or an authorized full-time employee of the landowner.

(2) To be eligible for a license or permit pursuant to this section, a landowner:

(a) must own occupied elk habitat that is large enough, in the department's determination, to accommodate successful public hunting;

(b) may not have been issued a Class A-7 landowner license pursuant to 87-2-501(3) during the license year;

(c) must have entered into a contractual public elk hunting access agreement with the department in accordance with subsection (7) that allows public access for free public elk hunting on the landowner's property throughout the regular hunting season; and

(d) may not charge a fee or authorize a person to charge a fee for hunting access on the landowner's property.

(3) For every three members of the public allowed to hunt under the contractual public elk hunting access agreement, the department may issue one license, permit, or combination thereof pursuant to subsection (1). The department may limit the total number of licenses and permits issued under this section.

(4) A license or permit issued pursuant to this section:

(a) is nontransferable and may not be sold or bartered; and

(b) may only be used for hunting conducted on property that is opened to public access pursuant to this section.

(5) The department may prioritize distribution of licenses or permits under subsection (1) according to the areas the department determines are most in need of management.

(6) If the department determines that a landowner or landowner's designee has not abided by the restrictions and conditions of a license or permit issued pursuant to this section, that landowner or landowner's designee is not eligible to receive another license or permit pursuant to this section during any subsequent license year.

(7) (a) A contractual public elk hunting access agreement must define the areas that will be open to public elk hunting, the number of public elk hunting days that will be allowed on the property, and other factors that the department and the landowner consider necessary for the proper management of elk on the landowner's property. The agreement must include a process or methodology the landowner may use to select up to one-third of the public hunters required by subsection (3) and must reserve the right of the landowner to deny access to the landowner's property by a public hunter selected pursuant to subsection (7)(b) for cause, including but not limited to intoxication, violation of landowner conditions for use of the property, or previous misconduct on a landowner's property.

(b) Except for public hunters selected by the landowner pursuant to subsection (7)(a), the department shall select public hunters eligible to hunt on the landowner's property through a random drawing of holders of existing licenses or permits in that hunting district.

87-2-513. (Effective March 1, 2022) Either-sex or antlerless elk license or permit for landowner who offers free public elk hunting -- terms, conditions, and issuance. (1) For wildlife management purposes and with approval of the commission pursuant to 87-1-301, the department may issue, at no cost to a landowner who provides free public elk hunting on the landowner's property and pursuant to this section, an either-sex or antlerless elk license, permit, or combination of the two as required in that hunting district for the landowner or the landowner's designee to hunt on the landowner's property. A designee may be an immediate family member or an authorized full-time employee of the landowner.

(2) To be eligible for a license or permit pursuant to this section, a landowner:

(a) must own occupied elk habitat that is large enough, in the department's determination, to accommodate successful public hunting;

(b) must have entered into a contractual public elk hunting access agreement with the department in accordance with subsection (7) that allows public access for free public elk hunting on the landowner's property throughout the regular hunting season; and

(c) may not charge a fee or authorize a person to charge a fee for hunting access on the landowner's property.

(3) For every three members of the public allowed to hunt under the contractual public elk hunting access agreement, the department may issue one license, permit, or combination of the two pursuant to subsection (1). The department may limit the total number of licenses and permits issued under this section.

(4) A license or permit issued pursuant to this section:

(a) is nontransferable and may not be sold or bartered; and

(b) may only be used for hunting conducted on property that is opened to public access pursuant to this section.

(5) The department may prioritize distribution of licenses or permits under subsection (1) according to the areas the department determines are most in need of management.

(6) If the department determines that a landowner or landowner's designee has not abided by the restrictions and conditions of a license or permit issued pursuant to this section, that landowner or landowner's designee is not eligible to receive another license or permit pursuant to this section during any subsequent license year.

(7) (a) A contractual public elk hunting access agreement must define the areas that will be open to public elk hunting, the number of public elk hunting days that will be allowed on the property, and other factors that the department and the landowner consider necessary for the proper management of elk on the landowner's property. The agreement must include a process or methodology the landowner may use to select up to one-third of the public hunters required by subsection (3) and must reserve the right of the landowner to deny access to the landowner's property by a public hunter selected pursuant to subsection (7)(b) for cause, including but not limited to intoxication, violation of landowner conditions for use of the property, or previous misconduct on a landowner's property.

(b) Except for public hunters selected by the landowner pursuant to subsection (7)(a), the department shall select public hunters eligible to hunt on the landowner's property through a random drawing of holders of existing licenses or permits in that hunting district.

History: En. Sec. 1, Ch. 519, L. 2001; amd. Sec. 10, Ch. 553, L. 2003; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 37, L. 2019; amd. Sec. 11, Ch. 63, L. 2019; amd. Sec. 2, Ch. 94, L. 2021; amd. Sec. 4, Ch. 486, L. 2021; amd. Sec. 8, Ch. 552, L. 2021.